Whereas Intel has shared a plethora of knowledge relating to their next-generation merchandise together with the Sapphire Rapids-SP Xeon CPU household throughout their Structure Day 2021, Moore’s Law is Dead is unveiling data on the merchandise past that which embrace Emerald Rapids, Granite Rapids & Diamond Rapids.
Intel’s Subsequent-Gen Emerald Rapids-SP, Granite Rapids-SP, Diamond Rapids-SP Xeon CPU Detailed – Golden Cove Versus Zen 4 in 2023 And A Publish-Core Structure Versus Zen 5 By 2025
The Intel Sapphire Rapids-SP Xeon CPUs would be the first to introduce a multi-tile chiplet design as we detailed right here. The SOC will pack the newest Golden Cove core structure which can be going to energy the Alder Lake lineup. The blue workforce plans to supply a most of 56 cores and 112 threads with as much as 350W TDP. AMD alternatively will probably be providing as much as 96 cores and 192 threads at as much as 400W TDP with its EPYC Genoa processors. AMD would additionally maintain an enormous benefit in relation to cache sizes, IO capabilities, & extra (larger PCIe lanes, larger DDR5 capacities, larger L3 cache).
AMD has actually turned the tides with its Zen-powered EPYC CPUs inside the server section however it appears to be like like Intel is planning to make a resurgence with its upcoming Xeon CPU households. The primary of its course correction will probably be Emerald Rapids which is anticipated to launch in Q1 2023.
Intel Emerald Rapids-SP Xeon CPU Household
In response to the leak, Intel’s Emerald Rapids-SP Xeon CPU household will probably be based mostly upon a mature ‘Intel 7’ node. You may consider it as a 2nd Gen ‘Intel 7’ node which might result in barely larger effectivity. Emerald Rapids is anticipated to utilize the Raptor Cove core structure which is an optimized variant of the Golden Cove core that may ship 5-10% IPC enchancment over Golden Cove cores. It is going to additionally pack as much as 64 cores and 128 threads which is a small core bump over the 56 cores and 112 threads featured on Sapphire Rapids chips.
MLID studies that by the point Intel launched Emerald Rapids-SP Xeon CPUs, AMD will have already got launched its Zen 4 powered EPYC Genoa chips so the Xeon lineup could find yourself being too little & too late with solely Intel’s superior instruction units backing them up in area of interest workloads. A very good factor for Emerald Rapids could be that it’ll stay suitable with the Eagle Stream platform (LGA 4677) and can provide elevated PCIe lanes of as much as 80 (Gen 5) and quicker DDR5-5600 reminiscence speeds.
Intel Granite Rapids-SP Xeon CPU Household
Shifting over to Granite Rapids-SP, that is the place Intel actually begins to make some large adjustments to its lineup. As of proper now, Intel has confirmed that its Granite Rapids-SP Xeon CPUs will probably be based mostly on the ‘Intel 4’ course of node (Formely 7nm EUV) however in response to this leaked data, the location for Granite Rapids is shifting on roadmaps so we aren’t precisely positive when the chips will truly come to market. A chance is someday between 2023 and 2024 as Emerald Rapids will probably be serving as an middleman resolution and never a correct Xeon household substitute.
It’s acknowledged that Granite Rapids-SP Xeon chips will make the most of the Redwood Cove core structure and have elevated core counts although the precise quantity will not be supplied. Intel did tease a high-level overview of its Granite Rapids-SP CPU throughout its ‘Accelerated’ keynote which appeared to characteristic a number of dies packaged in a single SOC by way of EMIB. We are able to see HBM packages together with high-bandwidth Rambo Cache packages. The Compute tile appears to be composed of 60 cores per die which equals 120 cores in complete however we should always anticipate a couple of of these cores to be disabled to get higher yields on the brand new Intel 4 course of node.
AMD will probably be growing the core counts of its personal Zen 4 EPYC lineup with Bergamo, pushing out as much as 128 cores and 256 threads so, regardless of Intel doubling its core rely, they nonetheless won’t be capable to match AMD’s disruptive multi-threaded and multi-core lead. However when it comes to IPC, that is the place Intel may begin getting near AMD’s Zen structure within the server section and again within the recreation.
Intel Diamond Rapids-SP Xeon CPU Household
Come Diamond Rapids-SP and Intel may lastly have its large win towards AMD since its first EPYC launch again in 2017. Diamond Rapids Xeon CPUs are touted as ‘The Massive One’ within the leak and are anticipated to launch by 2025 with a radical new structure that will probably be positioned towards Zen 5. The EPYC Turin lineup based mostly on Zen 5 will not be coming slowly as AMD will pay attention to Intel planning a comeback within the knowledge heart and server section. To date, there aren’t any particulars accessible as for what structure or core rely the brand new chips will provide however they are going to provide compatibility on the identical Birch Stream and Mountain Stream platforms that may also help Granite Rapids-SP chips.
The Diamond Rapids-SP lineup is not anticipated by 2025 so it is nonetheless far off. There’s additionally Sierra Forest talked about which isn’t a successor however a variation of the Diamond Speedy-SP Xeon lineup that will probably be geared toward sure prospects like AMD’s Bergamo or the HBM variants of Sapphire Rapids-SP. It is going to positively come after Diamond Rapids-SP by 2026.
Intel Xeon SP Households:
|Household Branding||Skylake-SP||Cascade Lake-SP/AP||Cooper Lake-SP||Ice Lake-SP||Sapphire Rapids||Emerald Rapids||Granite Rapids||Diamond Rapids|
|Course of Node||14nm+||14nm++||14nm++||10nm+||Intel 7||Intel 7||Intel 4||Intel 3?|
|Platform Identify||Intel Purley||Intel Purley||Intel Cedar Island||Intel Whitley||Intel Eagle Stream||Intel Eagle Stream||Intel Mountain Stream|
Intel Birch Stream
|Intel Mountain Stream
Intel Birch Stream
|MCP (Multi-Chip Package deal) SKUs||No||Sure||No||No||Sure||TBD||TBD (Presumably Sure)||TBD (Presumably Sure)|
|Socket||LGA 3647||LGA 3647||LGA 4189||LGA 4189||LGA 4677||LGA 4677||LGA 4677||TBD|
|Max Core Depend||Up To twenty-eight||Up To twenty-eight||Up To twenty-eight||Up To 40||Up To 56||TBD||Up To 120?||TBD|
|Max Thread Depend||Up To 56||Up To 56||Up To 56||Up To 80||Up To 112||TBD||Up To 240?||TBD|
|Max L3 Cache||38.5 MB L3||38.5 MB L3||38.5 MB L3||60 MB L3||105 MB L3||TBD||TBD||TBD|
|Reminiscence Help||DDR4-2666 6-Channel||DDR4-2933 6-Channel||Up To six-Channel DDR4-3200||Up To eight-Channel DDR4-3200||Up To eight-Channel DDR5-4800||Up To eight-Channel DDR5-5200?||TBD||TBD|
|PCIe Gen Help||PCIe 3.0 (48 Lanes)||PCIe 3.0 (48 Lanes)||PCIe 3.0 (48 Lanes)||PCIe 4.0 (64 Lanes)||PCIe 5.0 (80 lanes)||PCIe 5.0||PCIe 6.0?||PCIe 6.0?|
|TDP Vary||140W-205W||165W-205W||150W-250W||105-270W||Up To 350W||TBD||TBD||TBD|
|3D Xpoint Optane DIMM||N/A||Apache Move||Barlow Move||Barlow Move||Crow Move||Crow Move?||Donahue Move?||Donahue Move?|
|Competitors||AMD EPYC Naples 14nm||AMD EPYC Rome 7nm||AMD EPYC Rome 7nm||AMD EPYC Milan 7nm+||AMD EPYC Genoa ~5nm||AMD Subsequent-Gen EPYC (Publish Genoa)||AMD Subsequent-Gen EPYC (Publish Genoa)||AMD Subsequent-Gen EPYC (Publish Genoa)|